The Windows boot process is the series of steps that occur when a computer is powered on and begins to load the operating system. The boot process involves the interaction between hardware components, such as the motherboard and processor, and software components, such as the BIOS or UEFI and the operating system.
There are two main types of BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) that can be used in the Windows boot process: legacy BIOS and UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface). Legacy BIOS is the traditional BIOS system that has been used in computers for many years. UEFI is a newer system that replaces the legacy BIOS and provides additional features such as support for larger hard drives and faster boot times.
The Windows boot process with BIOS typically follows the following steps:
Power on: When the computer is powered on, the BIOS begins to load.
POST (Power On Self Test): The BIOS performs a series of checks to ensure that the hardware components are functioning properly.
Boot sequence: The BIOS looks for bootable devices, such as a hard drive or USB drive, and selects the first one in the boot order.
MBR (Master Boot Record): The BIOS loads the MBR, which is a small piece of code at the beginning of the bootable device. The MBR contains a bootloader, which is a program that loads the operating system.
Operating system: The bootloader loads the operating system and hands control over to it.
The Windows boot process with UEFI follows a similar sequence, but with some additional steps. UEFI has a built-in boot manager that allows users to select the boot device and provides additional options, such as booting into the BIOS or booting from a USB drive. The UEFI boot process also includes a secure boot feature, which verifies that the operating system has not been tampered with before loading it.
Overall, the Windows boot process involves the interaction between hardware and software components in order to load the operating system and begin the boot process. The type of BIOS, either legacy BIOS or UEFI, can affect the specific steps in the boot process.