Definitions and Descriptions.
Forensic hashing is the process of creating a digital fingerprint, or hash, of a file or piece of evidence in order to verify its authenticity and integrity. Hashing algorithms, such as MD5 or SHA-1, create a unique string of characters that represents the contents of a file. If even a single bit of the file is changed, the resulting hash will be completely different.
Forensic hashing is used in digital forensics to ensure that evidence has not been tampered with or altered in any way. For example, if a suspect's computer is seized as evidence, a forensic analyst may create hashes of the files on the computer in order to verify their integrity. If the hashes match the original hashes created at the time of seizure, it is an indication that the files have not been tampered with.
Forensic hashing is also used to identify duplicates of a file. If two files have the same hash, it is highly likely that they are identical copies. This can be useful in cases where there may be multiple copies of a file, such as a piece of malware or a stolen document.
In addition to verifying the authenticity and integrity of evidence, forensic hashing can also be used to identify known malicious files. Many antivirus software programs maintain databases of known malicious hashes, which allows them to quickly identify and block these files.
Overall, forensic hashing is an important tool in digital forensics, as it allows analysts to verify the authenticity and integrity of evidence and identify known malicious files.
Human smuggling is the illegal transportation of individuals across international borders, often for the purpose of exploitation or profit. It can involve a variety of methods, such as hiding people in the back of a truck or smuggling them on a boat or plane.
Here are some examples of human smuggling:
Human smuggling is a serious crime that often involves significant risks for the individuals being smuggled. It can lead to exploitation, abuse, and even death. It is also a major problem for many countries, as it can contribute to illegal immigration and other related issues.
Human trafficking is a serious crime that involves the exploitation of people for the purpose of forced labor or sexual exploitation. It is often referred to as modern-day slavery, as it involves the use of force, coercion, or deception to control and exploit individuals.
Here are some examples of human trafficking:
Human trafficking is a global problem that affects millions of people around the world. It is often linked to other crimes, such as drug trafficking and organized crime, and can have serious consequences for the physical and mental health of the individuals who are exploited.From an investigator standpoint (always be carefuland practice OSINT):
Human Intelligence (HUMINT) refers to information gathered and analyzed by human sources, rather than through electronic or technical means. It involves the collection and analysis of information from people, either directly through conversation or observation, or indirectly through documents, images, or other materials.
Examples of HUMINT include:
HUMINT is often used in conjunction with other forms of intelligence gathering, such as technical intelligence (TECHINT) or open-source intelligence (OSINT). It can be a valuable tool in understanding the motivations and intentions of individuals or groups, as well as in developing strategies for intelligence gathering and analysis.